Munira Mustaffa is a Non-Resident Fellow at the New Lines Institute, and a Fellow at Verve Research, an independent research collective focused on the relationship between militaries and societies in Southeast Asia.
She has worked professionally as a security and intelligence practitioner, and researcher within the security industry in the private, government and military sectors since 2014. Her commentary and work on terrorism, extremism, and cyber warfare have been published by several publications, including NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence (STRATCOMCOE) and Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET) Insights. She is an alumna of University College of London, and holds a MSc in Countering Organised Crime and Terrorism. She tweets at @muniramustaffa.
Fears that the fall of the Islamic State’s caliphate in Iraq and Syria and the return of the Afghan Taliban would give rise to a new wave of terrorism in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines have proven largely unfounded.
The Chechen Kadyrovtsy, a militia led by warlord and Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov, has a fearsome reputation. However, their performance in Ukraine indicates that the hype about their ferocity in battle is not to be believed.