Nonstate actors have a disproportionate importance in Muslim geopolitics, filling a vacuum created by the low legitimacy and poor governance of many regimes. The Human Security unit focuses on a broad spectrum of nonstate actors, including militant groups, nonviolent Islamists, political parties, organized crime, and civil society organizations.
The State Resilience and Fragility Program analyzes how democracies, autocracies, hybrid regimes, and other states adapt to external and internal changes and pressures. It seeks to understand how states manage social, political, socioeconomic, and security challenges to maintain power and the ensuing implications and options for U.S. interests and policy. This program pays special attention to transnational learning, in which different states adopt strategies and techniques from one another to maintain control over territory and populations.